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In this section, we have leaflets for the Endoscopy department. Please only read the materials on the advice of your clinician.

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Colon Capsule Endoscopy:
Patient Information Sheet

We would like to invite you to take part in the above research study. Before you decide we would like you to understand why the research is being done and what it may involve for you. If you have any questions or would like to discuss the study with a member of the research team please contact us using the contact details at the end. Talk to others about the study if you wish.



Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio- Pancreatography (ERCP) is an examination that is performed using both endoscopy (a flexible telescope to look inside your gut) and X-Ray. It is used mainly to diagnose and treat conditions which affect the bile duct which is the part of your body that drains your bile from the liver into your small bowel. Sometimes the pancreatic duct, which drains digestive juices from the pancreas into the small bowel, is also examined.


Flexible Sigmoidoscopy

A sigmoidoscopy is a test to examine the lining of your sigmoid colon, this is the lower part of your colon, also called your bowel or large intestine.


Having a Colonoscopy

Colonoscopy is a test that allows the Endoscopist to directly inspect the inner lining of the colon (large intestine). This is done using an instrument called a colonoscope, which is carefully passed through the anus into the large intestine. The colonoscope is a long flexible tube, about the thickness of your index finger, with a bright light at its tip. The video camera on the colonoscope transmits images of the inside of the colon to a monitor allowing the Endoscopist to examine the lining of the colon for any disease or abnormalities.


Having a Gastroscopy (OGD)

A Gastroscopy is an examination that will allow us to look directly at the lining of the oesophagus (the gullet), the stomach and around the first bend of the small intestine or the duodenum.


Having a Trans Nasal Endoscopy (TNE)

A Trans Nasal Endoscopy (TNE) is an examination that will allow us to look directly at the lining of the oesophagus (the gullet), the stomach and around the first bend of the small intestine or the duodenum. This procedure examines the same part of your body as an oesophago-gastroduodenoscopy (OGD/gastroscopy). The main difference is that the endoscope goes down your nose rather than your throat because it is a thinner tube.


Having an Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS)

An EUS is an endoscopic procedure that uses a flexible tube (endoscope) with an attached ultrasound scanner at its tip. This allows some of your organs like oesophagus, stomach, liver, and pancreas to be checked more thoroughly. The procedure is like having a gastroscopy, although it takes longer to allow your endoscopist to assess the organs in more detail.


Having an Oesophageal Dilatation

Oesophageal dilatation is where the stricture (narrowing) of your oesophagus (gullet) is stretched to improve your swallowing. This is done by using a special catheter (long, thin tube) with a balloon attached which expands the narrowing to make it easier for you to swallow.


Oesophageal Stent

An oesophageal stent is a fabric covered metal mesh tube inserted down the oesophagus and across the blockage. It is passed by mouth into the oesophagus and positioned across the area that has narrowed. It gently expands to hold the narrowing in your oesophagus open and allows fluid and foods to pass down to the stomach more easily.


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